Covid – 19 : Des mesures pour éviter le chômage de masse et une baisse de la capacité de production

GIS – 05 mai 2020 : « Nous sommes et resterons concentrés sur le développement
économique et social du pays pour aider à prévenir le chômage de masse, mais aussi
afin de préserver la capacité de production de notre économie pour amorcer la
reprise, » a déclaré le ministre des Finances, de la Planification et du
Développement économiques, Dr Renganaden Padayachy, à l’Assemblée nationale aujourd’hui.

 

Le grand argentier est revenu sur
les différents dispositifs destinés aux entreprises actuellement confrontées à
des difficultés économiques et pour éviter les licenciements après la levée du
couvre-feu. Ces mesures, a-t-il déclaré, démontrent l’engagement indéfectible
du gouvernement envers les Mauriciens. Celles-ci comprennent

  • le Programme de soutien de la Banque de Maurice (BoM) ;
  • le Plan de soutien aux entreprises ;
  • le Wage Assistance Scheme qui permet aux salariés
    des entreprises, qui ont subi les effets néfastes de la pandémie de
    Covid-19 et les restrictions liées au confinement, de bénéficier d’une
    aide directe de l’Etat
    ; et
  • Le plan d’assistance au secteur informel, lancé pour soutenir
    les travailleurs indépendants.

 

Les initiatives de la
BoM

Selon Dr Padayachy, la BoM, à
travers son programme de soutien, a introduit une aide exceptionnelle sous
forme de prêts disponibles par l’intermédiaire des banques commerciales. Cette initiative
qui s’élève à Rs 5 milliards permet de répondre aux besoins de trésorerie et de
fonds de roulement des opérateurs économiques qui sont durement impactés par le
Covid-19.

 

En outre, dès le 10 mars 2020, le
Comité de politique monétaire de la BoM a décidé d’abaisser son taux directeur
de 3,35 % à 2,85 %, puis de 2,85 % à 1,85 %. Ces baisses historiques, a dit Dr
Padayachy, contribuent à soutenir le crédit, l’investissement et la
consommation, qui sont des variables indispensables pour maintenir et créer l’emploi.

 

Dans le but de relâcher la tension
pesant sur les acteurs économiques du pays, la BoM a assoupli ses directives auprès
des banques commerciales pour que celles-ci puissent accorder un moratoire de
six mois sur le remboursement du capital pour les prêts existants, contractés
par des entreprises a fortiori
touchées par le Covid-19. Une ligne de crédit spéciale en devises étrangères
d’un montant de USD 300 millions (environ Rs 12 milliards) a également été créée
pour soutenir les opérateurs ayant des besoins en devises étrangères.

 

D’autre part, la BoM a demandé aux
banques commerciales d’accorder aux ménages un moratoire de six mois sur le
remboursement du capital des prêts immobiliers pour protéger le pouvoir d’achat
des ménages.

 

Concernant les entreprises
dépendantes de l’importation, le ministre des Finances a souligné que la BoM a établi
un accord de change entre le dollar et la roupie avec des banques commerciales
pour un montant de USD 100 millions. Cet accord permettra aux entreprises axées
sur l’importation de pouvoir bénéficier d’un soutien face à leurs besoins en
devises étrangères.

 

Le Plan de soutien aux
entreprises

En ce qu’il s’agit du Plan de
soutien aux entreprises, il a rappelé que le gouvernement a proposé un ensemble
de mesures complémentaires, notamment pour encourager les banques commerciales
à octroyer des prêts aux entreprises encourant des difficultés économiques. A
cet effet, la State Investment
Corporation
leur accorde les garanties suivantes :

  • pour les opérateurs économiques dont le chiffre d’affaires est inférieur
    ou égal à Rs 50 millions, une garantie de 60 % des facilités de crédit ;
    et
  • pour les opérateurs économiques ayant un chiffre d’affaires supérieur
    au seuil de Rs 50 millions, la garantie est de 50 % des facilités de
    crédit.

 

Le grand argentier a également évoqué
la possibilité pour les entreprises dont le chiffre d’affaires annuel ne
dépasse pas les Rs 10 millions et qui ne peuvent obtenir de financement auprès
des banques commerciales de contacter la Banque de développement de Maurice.
Cette dernière met à leur disposition un fonds de roulement à hauteur de Rs 1
million par entreprise. Une somme de Rs 1 milliard a été prévue à cet effet.

 

Aussi, la State Investment Corporation Ltd et le SME Equity Fund Ltd offrent un financement par actions aux
entreprises afin d’améliorer leur ratio d’endettement et, de ce fait, leur
accès aux facilités de prêt pour lesquelles un montant de Rs 4 milliards a été alloué.
 

 

#ResOuLakaz #BeSafeMoris

 Government Information Service, Prime
Minister’s Office, Level 6, New Government Centre, Port Louis, Mauritius.
Email: 
gis@govmu.org  Website: http://gis.govmu.org  Mobile App: Search Gov

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